Applications of Resting-State fNIRS in the Developing Brain: A Review From the Connectome Perspective

Hu, Liu, Dong, Niu (2020) Applications of Resting-State fNIRS in the Developing Brain: A Review From the Connectome Perspective Front Neurosci 14() 476
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Abstract

Early brain development from infancy through childhood is closely related to the development of cognition and behavior in later life. Human brain connectome is a novel framework for describing topological organization of the developing brain. Resting-state functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), with a natural scanning environment, low cost, and high portability, is considered as an emerging imaging technique and has shown valuable potential in exploring brain network architecture and its changes during the development. Here, we review the recent advances involving typical and atypical development of the brain connectome from neonates to children using resting-state fNIRS imaging. This review highlights that the combination of brain connectome and resting-state fNIRS imaging offers a promising framework for understanding human brain development. Copyright © 2020 Hu, Liu, Dong and Niu.

从婴儿期到儿童期的早期大脑发育与以后生活中的认知和行为发展密切相关。人脑连接体是描述发育中脑的拓扑组织的新颖框架。具有自然扫描环境,低成本和高便携性的静止状态功能近红外光谱(fNIRS)被认为是一种新兴的成像技术,并且在探索脑网络架构及其发展过程中表现出了巨大的潜力。在这里,我们回顾了使用静止状态fNIRS成像技术从新生儿到儿童的大脑连接组的典型和非典型发展的最新进展。这篇综述强调了脑连接体和静息状态fNIRS成像的结合为理解人脑发育提供了一个有希望的框架。版权所有©2020胡,刘,董和牛。

Links

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7284109
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32581671
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2020.00476

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